Factors affecting exports of environmental goods from India
Student name: Ms Sunakshi Bhatia Guide: Dr Nidhi Pande Year of completion: 2014 Host Organisation: College of Vocational Studies, University of Delhi Supervisor (Host Organisation): Dr Anu Satyal Abstract: In the context of globalization and changing technology, policy makers all over the world
have expressed a compelling need for the environmental goods industry. Currently, the
developed countries have a comparative advantage in trade of these goods and services. The
share of trade of developing countries, including India in environmental goods is very small
but is growing significantly.
India has an extensive potential in the environmental goods sector, but its domestic
environment industry is characterized by small scale industry units and is much disordered.
The first objective of this study is to analyze the trends for exports of environmental goods
from India for the period 1996-2012. Descriptive statistics and graphs are used to analyze the
trend in exports. The second objective is to identify and analyze the major determinants of
environmental goodsâ€™ exports from India. The augmented gravity model is used to analyze
the major factors that affect the exports of environmental goods.
The results show that the exports of environmental goods from India are affected by the price
variables. India produces standardized consumer goods similar to other developing countries
and aims at lowering the product prices and transportation cost in order to perform well in
highly price-competitive market. The other developing countries are seen more as Indiaâ€™s
competitors than its trade partners. To maximize the gains from trade in environmental goods
it is imperative that policy must encourage investment in research and development in
environmental goods industry with appropriate support and provision of infrastructure and